Flexible pavement empirical design example pavement interactive. To design the road stretch as a flexible pavement by using different flexible methods like group index method, c. Approximately 80% of all states use the aashto pavement design procedures, with the majority using the 1993 version. The main design factors are stresses due to traffic load and temperature variations. But the design methodology has taken rapid strides towards rationality in the past few decades based on an understanding of the stresses and strains in the layers constituting the.
Aasho method that will have passed over the pavement in one direction at any time, t. Work can be verified by using the flexible pavement structural design utility. Apr 19, 2016 contents design of flexible pavements mechanistic design approach empirical design approach mechanisticempirical design approach 4. New flexible pavement design example 1993 aashto pavement. Flexible pavements in india are designed based on california bearing ratio cbr of subgrade soil and expected number of cumulated axles measured in million standard axles, msa during the design life of the pavement. This project will consist of the construction of a new flexible pavement to extend route. Finally, the main challenges for the development of a european pavement design method are presented as well as the recent research developments that can be used for that method. Pdf flexible pavement designaashto method abdulrahman. The course materials are based entirely on the dod unified facilities criteria ufc 325001fa pavement design for roads, streets, walks, and open. State aid flexible pavement design charts using soil factors. Any pavement design method would have to consider 4 parameters. Methods of flexible pavement design empirical method mechanistic method limiting shear failure method limit deflection method regression method design methods can be classified into five categories. Aashto method of flexible pavement design road surface road. Calculate proper pavement thickness with free online tool.
Design a new flexible pavement for a major interstate highway using the following conditions four lanes each direction. Each layer receives loads from the above layer, spreads th. Nov 19, 2008 highwaytransportation lec 18u4pavement design part a1 flexible pavement by bk mahawar duration. Tsonuron in the 1986 aa shto guide for the design of pavement strucores, subgrades and granular base layers are evaluated by the resilient modulus test. Aashto rigid pavement design spreadsheet civilweb spreadsheets. Use of the falling weight deflectometer fwd for pavement evaluation has paralleled the introduction of analytical methods into pavement engineering. Can use load spectra instead of esals computationally intensive. New flexible pavement design example 1993 aashto pavement design project name and location. Empiricalmechanistic method of design is based on the mechanics of materials that relates input, such as wheel load, to an output or pavement response. The california bearing ratio cbr value of the subgrade soil was the basis for the method of design of flexible pavements, developed originally by the california state highway department, and adopted by the road research laboratory, london, for developing their own design procedure and design charts. Flexible, usually asphalt, is laid with no reinforcement or with a specialized fabric reinforcement that permits limited flow or repositioning of the roadbed under ground changes. Systems approach to the flexible pavement design problem. Generally there are two methods to design the pavement from cbr. For most flexible pavement design work, especially highervolume highways 10,000 adt, 5 m esals, the flexible pavement design system fps 21 is the required method for designing flexible pavements.
Jones, senior engineer, geology and soils branch, division of materials, missouri state highway department ea method of design, based mainly on group index and heavy traffic, has. Flexible, usually asphalt, is laid with no reinforcement or with a specialized fabric reinforcement that permits limited flow or re positioning of the roadbed under ground changes. The goal of structural design is to determine the number, material composition and thickness of the different layers within a pavement structure. Flexiblepavement design by the groupindex method w. The reliability of the pavement design performance process is the probability that a pavement section designed using the process will perform satisfactorily over the traffic and environmental conditions for the design period aashto, 1993 1. Alaska flexible pavement design manual 12 effective 40104 effective 40104 alaska flexible pavement design manual the excess fines design method and the mechanistic design method. Methods of flexible pavement design empirical method mechanistic method limiting shear failure method limit deflection method. Jointed plain concrete pavement jpcp continuously reinforced concrete pavement crcp pavement design. The purpose of the aashto model in the pavement thickness design process is to calculate the required structural number snr. The asphalt mix design and modeling in europe are presented with their inclusion in the pavement design methods. Report all test data necessary to each method of design on the soils evaluation for flexible pavement, form itd808 figures 510. Inclusion of the resilient modulus test rvas prompted by the need for a rational evaluation method. Traffic coefficient x and saturation coefficient y are introduced in this method. By default, the tool uses a layer coefficient a of 0.
Fps 21 should be used as a check for all flexible designs as described in pavement design process. The pavement design engineer must integrate this information into the materials design package materials design report, pavement design summary and preliminary pavement structure cost estimate that will provide the necessary documentation and communication of this design process. Two methods of flexible pavement structural design are common today. Apr 02, 2019 flexible pavements are so named because the total pavement structure deflects, or flexes, under loading. Introduction to flexible pavement design ced engineering. This project will consist of the construction of a new flexible pavement to extend route 123 to intersect with route i80 in north jersey.
Existing design methods for flexible pavements include. For flexible pavements, structural design is mainly concerned with determining appropriate layer thickness and composition. In pavement design, the responses are the stresses, strains, and deflections within a pavement structure and the physical causes are the loads and material properties of the pavement structure. A flexible pavement structure is typically composed of several layers of materials. Flexible pavement design by semiempirical method is discussed. Refer to hdm topic 633 for new design procedures and hdm. This design manual addresses methods to properly develop a rehabilitation project, pavement milling, and the computations necessary for the pavement design process. The aashto guide for design of pavement structures aashto, 1993 is the primary document used to design new and rehabilitated highway pavements. Flexible pavements are those pavements which reflect the deformation of subgrade and the subsequent layers to the surface. Esub 10,000 psi design esal 1,000,000 need to design a pavement with hma surface, emulsified mix type i base, and 8aggregate subbase work exampleon theboard topic 6 asphalt institute design procedure 6. Types of pavements flexible pavement rigid pavement. Flexible pavement empirical design example pavement. Determine and gather flexible pavement esal equation inputs l x, l 2x, g.
Pdf design and analysis of flexible pavement malik. Resilient modulus and aashto pavement design ronrnr p. Lecture 36 flexible pavement design indian roads congress. Pdf flexible pavement design methods gerald gilboy. Aashto pavement thickness design guide when designing pavement thickness for flexible and rigid pavements, the following considerations should be used. Determine and gather flexible pavement design inputs z r, s o. Paul guyer is a registered civil engineer, mechanical engineer, fire protection engineer, and architect with over 35 years experience in the design of buildings and related. The joint spacing was the focus of the alterations made to the original aashto 1993 rigid pavement design equations and for this reason the aashto 1998 rigid pavement design supplement is best suited to the design of jpcps. Design, types, flexible and rigid pavement, notes and functions. As well as the 6 flexible road design spreadsheets, the civilweb flexible pavement design xls suite also includes the following spreadsheets which are available nowhere else. The analytical design approach allows nonstandard materials and construction types to be considered. The group index method is essentially an empirical method based on the physical properties of the subgrade soil and it does not consider the strength characteristics of soil and is therefore open to question regarding its reliability. Use of portland cement concrete pccp at traffic interchanges ti.
By looking at several different design periods and reliability levels this example gives an idea of the relative influence of these inputs. Design procedures for flexible pavements, structural design is mainly concerned with determining appropriate layer thickness and composition. The current aashto method is a regression method based on the results of road tests. Generally there are two methods to design the pavement from cbr california bearing ratio value. Flexible road design australian method this spreadsheet can be used to complete flexible road designs in accordance with australian standards. Flexible pavement design procedures pavement managers workshop august 68, 1985 index chapter flexible pavement design procedures flexible pavement design system texas triaxial design procedures swelling clays in the fps system the fps traffic equation page 1 5 88 92 100 appendix a test method tex 117e. Design the flexible pavement using asphalt institute method for a single lane 2way road to cater the traffic with the following considerations. Mechanistic approach mechanics is the science of motion and the action of forces on bodies. The iterative design process usually proceeds as follows. Hence modulus of elasticity is calculated from stress strain curve.
Pdf airfield pavement design for a major airport using. Design strategy the design of pavement varies with soil conditions and the amount of traffic expected to be carried during its design life. Main components of pavement design such as traffic, climatic conditions, materials and methodology which are adopted by those methods will be presented and. Flexible pavement designs must provide sufficient compaction of the subgrade. Group index is a number assigned to the soil based on its physical properties like particle size, liquid limit and plastic limit. Pavement design is governed by a number of considerationsfactors, as given below.
Both the long life pavement design faq are being developed. Aashto method of flexible pavement design road surface. Flexible pavement presentation linkedin slideshare. Aastho flexible pavement design method objectives know the factors considered in the aashto design method become familiar with use of tables 20. Flexible pavement design by california bearing ratio method. Design of pavements has been based on experience and judgment in the past. Main flexible pavement and mix design methods in europe. Modified aashto design method for geogrid reinforced flexible pavements existing design methods for flexible pavements include. Roadway design memorandum turnout paving in pm10 nonattainment areas nov. But the design methodology has taken rapid strides towards rationality in the past few decades based on an understanding of the stresses and strains in the layers constituting the pavement and application of the concept of reliability in achieving the desired level of service during the pavements design life. Nov 20, 2016 failures of flexible pavements design consideration. What are the various flexible pavement design methods.
Design period or design life of a pavement is the period of time for which the initially. Flexible pavement design by cbr method is used to determine the total thickness of pavement. Generally there are two methods to design the pavement from. Mndot flexible pavement design, rvalue method excel, 0.
Highwaytransportation lec 18u4pavement design part a1 flexible pavement by bk mahawar duration. Group index method of flexible pavement design is an empirical method which is based on the physical properties of the soil subgrade. Flexible pavements are so named because the total pavement structure deflects, or flexes, under loading. Main flexible pavement and mix design methods in europe and. In other words, there must be some assurance that a pavement will perform as intended given. In addition to providing an analytical approach to structural pavement design, chapter 54 presents an analytical method for selecting the most economical pavement design that can be expected to meet structural design requirements. The current department standard for both rehabilitation and new flexible pavement design is an empirical method based on relationships developed from several test tracks and experience with actual pavement performance. In this method triaxial test is conducted on soil specimen under 160knm 2 of lateral pressure. Pavement design with examples complete data civildigital. There are various methods of flexible pavement design such as empirical and semiempirical.
Flexible pavement design xls spreadsheet civilweb spreadsheets. Pavexpress, a webbased pavement scoping tool that simplifies the design of flexible and rigid pavements, is also based on aashto 93. The us army corps of engineers cbr method method s771 for the design of flexible aircraft pavements was calibrated against fullscale trafficking tests on. The contents include procedures for conducting preliminary site reconnaissance, traffic analyses, and criteria for the design of subgrade, subbase, base courses, flexible and rigid pavements.333 601 45 1087 390 1332 351 1271 1581 1505 78 189 1022 1 678 620 1562 1419 6 1587 43 1418 421 1449 1024 7 1469